Discover our Kauri Heritage

An avenue of 72 Queensland Kauri pines planted to celebrate the Arboretum’s official opening.

On the 21 March 1925, the Queensland Governor, Sir Mathew Nathan and William Jolly, the first Lord Mayor of Greater Brisbane, joined guests in planting the iconic avenue of 72 Queensland Kauri pines to celebrate the Arboretum’s official opening. Each of these rainforest giants bears the name of the tree planter who helped create this unique ‘living record’ of Brisbane society in the 1920s.

Sherwood Arboretum’s Sir Matthew Nathan Avenue is one of the few examples in Australia where a wide cross-section of the community came together to plant an avenue of trees to mark the opening of an arboretum or botanic gardens.

On the 21 March 1925, the Queensland Governor, Sir Mathew Nathan and William Jolly, the first Lord Mayor of Greater Brisbane, joined guests in planting the iconic avenue of 72 Queensland Kauri pines to celebrate the Arboretum’s official opening.
Each of these rainforest giants bears the name of the citizen who helped create this historic record of Brisbane society in the 1920s.

Tags

Places

    Direction

      1925 Kauri Avenue tree planters

      Growing an idea … Sir Matthew Nathan (seated with hat) joins guests of the Queensland Forestry Association at Avonleigh, the Sherwood home of Francis and Julia Nixon, on 1 November 1924 to discuss Brisbane’s future arboretum.

      Sir-Matthew-Nathan

      Sir Matthew Nathan

      The popular State Governor of Queensland from 3 December 1920 to 17 September 1925. A graduate of the Royal Military Academy, Sir Matthew also was Governor of Hong Kong and three African countries.

      image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Sir-Charles-Hercules-Read

      Sir Charles Hercules Read

      British archaeologist and a noted member of the British Museum. Guest of Sir Matthew Nathan during a visit to Australia in March 1925. At 24.29 metres, Sir Hercules’ tree is the tallest Queensland Kauri tree in the Avenue.

      Image courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, London.
      Sir-Matthew-Nathan

      George Trotter

      An early local resident and farmer. A member of a pioneering Irish family, who settled on land beside Oxley Creek, Corinda in the 1860s.

      Ald-Frederick-Arthur-Stimson

      Ald Frederick Arthur StimPson

      Newly-elected member of the first Greater Brisbane City Council in 1925 and a former Chairmanof Stephens Shire Council. Stimson wasa prominent cattle breeder of Fairfield in Brisbane.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.
      William-Alfred-Jolly

      Ald William Alfred Jolly

      Elected the first Mayor and later first Lord Mayorof GreaterBrisbane City Council in 1925, following the merging of 20 Local Government areas. A former accountant, he was well respected for his commitment to our city.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.
      John-Harry-Coyne

      John Harry Coyne

      An elected member of State Parliament 1908 to 1923 and former President of the Land Court. As Lands Minister, he played a prominent role in the 1920s working to conserve the timber resources of Queensland.

      Image courtesy of the Queensland Parliamentary Library.
      Archbishop-James-Duhig

      Archbishop Sir James Duhig

      Born in County Limerick, Ireland, his driving energy saw him become one of Queensland’s leading Catholic Church leaders over almost 60 years until his death in 1965.

      Image courtesy of Fryer Library, The University of Queensland.
      Ald-Hugh-McDiarmid-Russell

      Ald Hugh McDiarmid Russell

      A leading businessman, Vice-Mayor in the first Greater Brisbane City Council in 1925. Elected to the Queensland Parliament in 1926 and later Leader of the Queensland United Australia Party.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.
      Thomas-Fielding

      Thomas Fielding

      A Sherwood resident and teacher for 51 years and Head Teacher of Sherwood State School from 1914 to 1927. On 21 August 1925, 100 of his students completed the first community planting in the Sherwood Arboretum.

      Image courtesy of the grandchildren of Thomas Fielding.
      10-James-Garfield-Bayley-MP

      James Garfield Bayley, MP

      Born in Tasmania, a graduate of Stanford University, California. A teacher and school principal in Queensland. Bayley served as the Federal Member for Oxley from 1917 to 1931 and later in State Parliament.

      Image courtesy of the National Library of Australia.
      Charles-William-Lyon

      Charles William Lyon

      The last Chairman of Sherwood Shire Council from 1920 to 1925. The Shire purchased the Arboretum land for ‘park and water purposes’ in 1923. Vice-President of first Sherwood Shire Show Society in 1921.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Arthur-Rewa-Webb

      Arthur Rewa Webb

      Named after Rewa Island, Fiji, where his father served as a Minister with the Wesleyan Church. A partner in a Brisbane real estate company and one of the final Sherwood Shire Councillors in 1925.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Thomas-George-Johnston

      Thomas George Johnston

      The second son of the pioneering Johnston family from Ireland. A Sherwood master builder, Chairman of the Sherwood State School Committee for 25 years and a Sherwood Shire Councillor from 1920 to 1925.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.

      Harold Evelyn Wawn

      Born in Durham, England and served with the Queensland Forestry Service’s harvesting and marketing branch. Appointed to the newly formed State branch of the Empire Forestry Association in March 1922.

      Arthur-Rewa-Webb

      Thomas Nimmo

      A former company director, serving on both the Ipswich City Council and during the last years of the Sherwood Shire Council. A Corinda resident, represented Oxley in State Parliament from 1929 to 1943.

      Edwin-Lewis-Jerrems

      Edwin Lewis Jerrems

      A former Alderman with Lane Cove Council in Sydney, worked as a manager in Brisbane’s printing trade. A Graceville resident, electrical engineer and President of both the Sherwood Shire Show Society and Sherwood Progress Association. Councillor with Sherwood Shire Council until 1925.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Joseph-William-Hammond

      Joseph William Hammond

      A Graceville resident, electrical engineer and president of both the Sherwood Shire Show Society and Sherwood Progress Association. Councillor with Sherwood Shire Council until 1925.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.

      Charles Jesse Povey

      During his 19 years with the Queensland Forestry Service, he worked closely with the Forestry Board Chairman, Edward Swain in harvesting and marketing, before joining a private timber business in 1938.

      Alexander-John-Robinson

      ALEXANDER JOHN ROBINSON

      A Corinda resident and former President of the Sherwood Volunteer Fire Brigade, Corinda Progress Association and Oxley Golf Club. An elected member of the Sherwood Shire Council until 1925.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Thomas-Murray-Hall

      Thomas Murray Hall

      A Corinda resident and successful accountant. Served first as Sherwood Divisional Board Chairman and in 1898 as a Brisbane City Council Alderman. Hall was elected in 1906 to the Queensland Parliament’s Upper House.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.
      Dr-William-Nathaniel-Robertson

      Dr William Nathaniel Robertson

      A graduate of Scotland’s University of Edinburgh medical school. A Sherwood Shire Councillor, leading Brisbane surgeon and Vice-Chancellor of The University of Queensland from 1926 to 1938.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.

      Mrs Annie Isabel Spowers

      Long-time Corinda resident and wife of Queensland’s Surveyor-General, Allan Alfred Spowers, appointed in 1907. Her father, William Davidson was Surveyor-General (southern) for Tasmania in 1860.

      Allan Alfred Spowers

      Born in Melbourne in 1857, his long career in surveying included Surveyor-General of Queensland for 19 years until his retirement in 1926. He served as the first president of the Graceville Bowls Club.

      Mrs Zoe Annie Clara Jones,
      for the late Captain Mervyn Jones

      A London-trained artist and foundation member of the Royal Queensland Art Society. In 1891, Zoe married Mervyn Jones. His eventful maritime career, including Captain of the steamer Merrie England.

      William Robinson

      Born in 1844 in Valparaiso, Chile and an early settler along Oxley Creek, Sherwood in the 1860s. It is believed Robinson opened the first general store in Sherwood near the Oxley Creek bridge.

      Victor-Peter-Grenning

      Victor ‘Peter’ Grenning

      Awarded a Rhodes Scholarship in 1919 before studying forestry at Oxford University. Replacing Edward Swain as Director of Forests, Grenning achieved major Queensland forestry reforms from 1933 to 1964.

      Image courtesy of descendants of the Grenning family.
      Alexander-Cumming-Raff

      Alexander Cumming Raff

      Born in Brisbane in 1853, completing his engineering degree at Glasgow University. A Corinda resident, Raff supervised the construction of key railway lines as District Engineer with Queensland Railways.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      John-Moffatt

      John Moffatt

      Born in Scotland in 1851, he worked on his father’s Oxley farm and was elected as the first Chairman of Sherwood Shire formed in 1891. Moffatt supervised the Sherwood Methodist Sunday School for 40 years.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.

      Fabian Joseph Street

      Born in Dorset, England and later a resident of Oxley. He was highly regarded as the first Shire Clerk of Sherwood Shire Council from 1891 to 1905. Street resigned due to ill health and died in 1928.

      Ald-Malcolm-Peter-Morrison-Campbell

      Ald Malcolm Peter Morrison Campbell

      A prominent Brisbane manufacturer, actively involved with the National Parks Association and Horticultural Society of Queensland. Elected as an alderman to Brisbane City Council in 1931.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.
      George-Strong

      George Strong

      A South African war veteran, George and his wife Mary Ann ran a large farm beside Oxley Creek, Graceville. In 1888, he was elected to the Yeerongpilly Divisional Board (later becoming the Yeerongpilly Shire Council).

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      William-Kinkead-Berry

      William Kinkead Berry

      A member of the pioneering Berry family from Connemara, Ireland. One of the first pupils of the Oxley West State School (now Sherwood) and a member of the first Sherwood Divisional Board in 1891.

      Image courtesy of The Oxley – Chelmer History Group Inc.

      Robert Lammonby Gordon

      A resident of East Brisbane and a well-known furniture maker, established in 1895 at Charlotte Street, Brisbane. President of the Furniture Manufacturers’ Section of the Queensland Chamber of Commerce.

      George-Ranken

      George Ranken

      Retired country bank manager and wife Anna Marie bought part of the Francis estate at Sherwood, around 1911. The large river frontage of their farm, Dunella, became the future site for the Sherwood Arboretum.

      Image courtesy of Roger Hartigan, great grandson of George Ranken.

      George Rowland Steer

      A Corinda resident, born at Derby, U.K. in 1873. After a career in Queensland Railways, Steer went on to run one of the city’s key services as Brisbane Tramway Trust General Manager from 1922 to 1939.

      Singleton Victor Gardiner

      Born in 1896, a resident of Alderley in Brisbane. Served with the Australian Army overseas during World War 1. In 1925, promoted as Accountant with the Forestry Board (later Queensland Forestry Service).

      Major-Manor-Charles-Trotter

      Major Manor Charles Trotter

      Sherwood resident. Wounded with the Second Light Horse, serving in the Dardanelles and Palestine in World War 1. Well respected as Brisbane City Council Deputy Town Clerk. Trotter died suddenly aged 55 in 1938.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      James-Edgar-Young

      James Edgar Young

      Graceville resident, born in 1872. A noted naturalist, member of Sir Hubert Wilkins expedition to collect native flora and fauna for the British Museum in 1923. Past-president of the Queensland Naturalists’ Club.

      Image courtesy of the Oxley – Chelmer History Group Inc.
      Wilfred-Backhouse-Alexander

      Wilfred Backhouse Alexander

      A Cambridge-trained biologist, from Dorset, England, whose 1920s research at a Sherwood laboratory helped control Prickly Pear weed. He had a noted career in ornithology on return to the U.K. in 1926.

      image courtesy of the National Library of Australia.

      Adolphus Arnold Staines

      Born in Mackay in 1878. His 50-year Queensland Public Service career included Under-Secretary of Mines from 1929 to 1946. In 1924, Staines helped guide State forestry with the Provisional Forestry Board.

      George-Herbert-Barker

      George Herbert Barker

      Born in 1880 in Sydney. In 1907, he co-founded Barker’s Book Store in Brisbane with his father. Keenly interested in birds and plants, Barker worked tirelessly to help preserve and protect Queensland’s natural environment.

      Image courtesy of the National Library of Australia.
      Francis-Octavius-Nixon

      Francis Octavius Nixon

      Sherwood resident, born in 1875. Campaigned vigorously for Sherwood Arboretum’s creation. Secretary of both the Brisbane Timber Merchants’ Association and later the Save-the-Trees Campaign. Died 1955.

      Image courtesy of Jill Power, granddaughter of Francis Octavius Nixon.

      William Patterson

      Chairman of Directors of a leading Toowong sawmiller. In 1940, he became Chairmanof the Queensland Timber Board and President of the Brisbane Timber Merchants’ Association. In 1942, the mill survived a disastrous fire.

      Charles-Raff-Paterson

      Charles Raff Paterson

      A Queensland forestry engineer and prominent businessman. He undertook a major study of U.S. forestry practices in the 1920s and held senior business positions in forestry from the 1930s onwards.

      Kenneth-ffoulkes-Swanwick

      Kenneth ffoulkes Swanwick

      A Norman Park resident, born in 1875. He had a distinguished career as a university lecturer. In 1924, with the Brisbane Town Planning Association, he strongly advocated for more city parkland. Swanwick died in April 1925.

      Image courtesy of the Fryer Library, The University of Queensland.
      Josias-Henry-Hancock

      Josias Henry Hancock

      Born in 1875 at Ipswich, Queensland. He followed in his Cornish grandfather’s footsteps by becoming a timber miller. Led Hancock & Gore, which had over 2000 employees, at its peak. Hancock died in April 1945.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      John-Brownlie-Henderson

      John Brownlie Henderson

      Born 1869 near Glasgow, Scotland. An analytical chemist, appointed Brisbane Grammar School Science Master in 1891 and Government Analyst in 1893. A leading advocate for science, Henderson died in 1950.

      Image courtesy of the descendants of the Henderson family.

      Morgan Hugh Simon

      Born in 1889. Resigned as chief forester of the Queensland Forestry Service in 1923 and went on to establish a major family timber, hardware and freight business in Toowoomba. He died in March 1987.

      Andrew-Samuel-Kennedy

      Andrew Samuel Kennedy

      Born in 1857 in Armagh, Ireland. From a humble start as pupil teacher on probation in 1870, he became Acting Under-Secretary of Queensland’s Department of Public Instruction in 1920. He died in 1930.

      Image courtesy of the Queensland State Archives.
      Dr-David-Gifford-Croll

      Dr David Gifford Croll (planted by Mrs Marion Winifred Croll)

      Born in Glasgow in 1885. A Sherwood doctor, who held senior medical positions with the Australian Army in two world wars. Founder of the British Medical Agency to assist doctors. Dr Croll died in 1948.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Cyril-Tenison-White

      Cyril Tenison White

      Born at Kangaroo Point, Brisbane in 1890. The third generation of his family to pursue Botany. His outstanding contribution as Government Botanist from 1917 continued right up to his death in 1950.

      Image courtesy of the Queensland State Archives.
      Ernest-Walter-Bick

      Ernest Walter Bick

      Regarded as one of Queensland’s foremost botanical authorities. Born in England in 1870. From 1917 to 1940, he was Brisbane City Council’s first Botanic Gardens Curator. He died while planting trees in 1949.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.
      Romeo-Watkins-Lahey

      Romeo Watkins Lahey

      From the Lahey sawmilling family. Born in 1887, he had a key role in the creation of Lamington National Park in 1915. A co-founder of Binna Burra Lodge. His work in preserving Queensland’s rainforest continued to his death in 1968.

      Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial.
      Clarence-John-Melrose-Trist

      Clarence John Melrose Trist

      Born in Deniliquin, New South Wales in 1896. As Queensland Forestry Department Secretary from 1919 to 1953, he did much to preserve unspoilt areas of our State as national parks. He died in 1954.

      Image courtesy of the descendants of the Trist family.
      Charles-William-Holland

      Charles William Holland

      Born in London in 1868. In Brisbane, became Under-Secretary for Lands in 1924. Travelled widely researching the Prickly Pear menace. A co-founder of the Queensland Naturalists’ Club in 1906. Died in 1952.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Henry-Tryon

      Henry Tryon

      An outstanding figure in Queensland science. Born in England in 1856. From 1894 to 1925, served as Government Entomologist. His New Guinea expedition acquired 66 new sugar cane varieties. Died 1943.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Frederick-William-Gadsby-Annand

      Frederick William Gadsby Annand

      Born in Toowoomba in 1872, his impressive career included army commands in World War 1, banking, Mayor of Hamilton Town Council and Greater Brisbane’s first Town Clerk in 1925. He died in 1958.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.
      Evan-Francis

      Evan Francis

      A Chelmer resident and uncle of Government Botanist William Douglas Francis (tree 61). Born in Woollongong in 1852, he became a farmer near Gympie after 21 years teaching. Died in 1947, aged 95.

      William-Corby-Woods

      William Corby Woods

      A Chelmer resident born in 1895. He joined the Queensland Forestry Association sub-committee in 1924 recommending the Arboretum site. Woods retired after a long career in forestry mapping and died in 1985.

      Alison-Eavis-Harding-Frew

      Alison Eavis Harding Frew

      Born in Roma in 1883. Highly regarded for his consulting engineering skills from 1911 to his death in 1952. His design works included Brisbane’s William Jolly Bridge, Redcliffe Jetty and Hornibrook Highway.

      Image courtesy of the descendants of the Frew family.
      Islay-Percy-Colquhon-Bennett

      William Douglas Francis

      Author of the landmark Australian Rainforest Trees, first published in 1929. Assistant Botanist in 1919 and Government Botanist in 1950 at the Queensland Herbarium. Born in Bega in 1889 and died in 1959.

      Image courtesy of the Queensland State Archives.
      Dr-Alfred-Jefferis-Turner

      Dr Alfred Jefferis Turner

      Born to his missionary parents in Canton, China in 1861 and educated in London. This renowned Brisbane paediatrician was also a skilled amateur entomologist. A Sherwood resident, he died in 1947.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      David-Lahey

      David Lahey

      The enterprising Lahey family from Ireland were energetic pioneers in Queensland’s timber industry. David (1858 – 1942) established the Corinda sawmill in 1910 to provide employment for his seven sons.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.

      Thomas Caldwell Kerr, MP

      Sherwood resident, born in 1887. Represented Oxley and later Sherwood in the Queensland Parliament from 1943 to May 1956. Married Lillian Berry from the pioneering Berry family in 1919. Died June 1956.

      Islay-Percy-Colquhon-Bennett

      Islay Percy Colquhon Bennett

      Best remembered as the well-respected and last Shire Clerk of Sherwood Shire Council from 1911 to 1925. State Secretary of the Municipal Officers’ Association of Australia. Born 1884 and died in 1951.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Albert-Hardy-Berry

      Albert Hardy Berry

      A member of the pioneering Berry family from Connemara, Ireland. As Church Warden, he worked to rebuild St Matthew’s Church, Sherwood after the disastrous 1921 fire. Born in 1888 and died in 1947.

      Image courtesy of the Berry family descendants.
      search-for-image

      Richard Arthur Wearne

      A noted leader in vocational education and training. From 1919 to his death in 1932, thousands of students graduated from the Brisbane Central Technical College where he was Principal. Wearne was a keen golfer.

      Edward-Harold-Fulcher-Swain

      Edward Harold Fulcher Swain

      Director of Forests in 1918 and Provisional Forestry Board Chairman in 1924. This larger-than-life visionary helped create a sustainable Queensland timber industry. Born in 1883 and died in 1970.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Ald-Alexander-Archibald-Watson

      Ald Alexander Archibald Watson

      Toowong Shire Council’s last Mayor. In 1925, an Alderman and Vice-Mayor of Greater Brisbane City Council from 1926 to 1931. Briefly Lord Mayor in 1931. Born 1874 in Dundee, Scotland. Died in 1941.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.
      Ald-Alexander-Archibald-Watson

      Ald William Logan Dart

      A former Lockyer Valley farmer with a long career in Local Government, beginning in 1905. A Brisbane City Council Alderman 1925 to 1938. Elected to State Parliament 1938 to 1944. Born 1876, Dart died 1969.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.
      Ald-John-Tait

      Ald John Tait

      An experienced Local Government representative as Mayor of the Ithaca Town Council. He later served on the Greater Brisbane City Council from 1925 to his death in 1931. Tait was born in Dumfries, Scotland in 1866.

      Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
      Ald-William-Robert-Warmington

      Ald William Robert Warmington

      Served on the Ithaca Town Council until its amalgamation with Greater Brisbane City Council in 1925. Elected to the new City Council from 1925 to 1937. Born in 1864 and died in 1948.

      Image courtesy of City Archives, Brisbane City Council.